Monday, November 20, 2017

Mrs. Buck Baker (Eula Stagg Baker) remained around town for a couple of years after Buck's death. The last clipping from the Eagle where she is mentioned is in 1922 after her brother, Clarence, married a girl from Savannah. (Clarence Stagg has an interesting story. When he was in the third grade, he was arrested along with some other boys when they attacked 11 year old Herman Blumberg while Herman was riding his horse and driving some cows down Washington Street. The attack occurred at the intersection with Dusy, right in front of the house where my parents were living when I was born in 1950. One of the boys cut an artery in Herman's groin and it almost killed him.)
In DEVIL MAKE A THIRD, one of the most interesting female characters is Lota Kyle, a nineteen-year-old schoolteacher from Georgia who 48 year old Buck takes as his "trophy wife" in an Aven church wedding five weeks after meeting her. The character of Lota is based upon 19 year old Dothan High graduate Eula Stagg who 50 year old Dothan Mayor Buck Baker married in 1919. Eula got her "15 minutes of fame" in 1943 when she was brought before a U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs subcommittee and refused to testify about lobbying parties where she served fried chicken and cocktails to politicians and military officers who could help her employer land defense contracts. From that moment on in the national press, Eula became known as "the mystery woman of R Street", referring to the large house in Washington, D.C. where the parties were held. Today, I found Eula's burial place in Jacksonville, Florida on the Web. (One of Buck Baker's sisters had a daughter named Lota Cheek who in 1922 was named the BOSTON'S PRETTIEST GIRL. After this event was picked up by the press, Lota was soon dubbed AMERICA'S PRETTIEST GIRL in the nation's newspapers. Although her press clippings say she was raised in Dawson, Georgia, she had also lived in Dothan)

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Here's a revealing quote from DEVIL MAKE A THIRD. It's from page 221 and Buck is having an internal dialogue with himself during his church wedding. "By God, a blind hog gets an acorn now and then. Old wrinkled-up sawed off Ed Mercer, looking satisfied and secret like a kid wetting under water, and hoping I'll buy the new church chimes so he won't have to put. Brought his chew in with him and too stingy to spit. Country as nursing a baby in the wagon yard." Have no idea who Ed Mercer may have been based upon but he must have had money and we already know a little about "the wagon yard". As many of you know, every time you hear the chimes from 1st Methodist, you are hearing BUCK BAKER'S DONATION to Foster Street Methodist.  from the March 29, 1920 DOTHAN EAGLE
 I decided to google my g-g-grandfather who was born in Washington County, Georgia in 1818.
Found this document on the Internet prepared by my g-g-grandfather J. Y. Register for a widow's claim filed for settlement:

Register of Claims of deceased Officers and Soldiers from Alabama
which were filed for settlement in the Office of the Confederate
States Auditor for the War Department

By Whom Presented: Ardilla Green, Widow
When Filed: Dec. 17, 1863
When reported to: Oct. 11, 1864
When returned: Oct. 28, 1864
Number of settlements:
Certificates: 19950
Amount found due: $169.96

Hill Hospital
Ringgold, GA.
Oct. 17th, 1863


W.A. Green, Private 25th Ala. Co. “K”, died this day in Hospital of
Virlinus Sclopeticum.
Effects – Six Dollars and fifty cents ($6.50)

Very Respectfully,
Your Obedient Servant
W.J. Burt Asst. Secy
              in Charge of Hospital

The State of Alabama, Coffee County

On this the 4th day of December A.D. 1863 before me, J.Y. Register,
a Justice of the Peace, in and for said State and County, personally
appeared Ardilla Green of Coffee County, and made oath according to
law, the same is the wife of William A. Green, a private of Company
(K) Captain D.C. Monroe in 25th Regiment Alabama Volunteers, that the
said William A. Green volunteered at Elba on the 20th day of January
1862 for three years or the war, and continued in actual service until
the 17th of October A.D. 1863 at which time he the said William A.
Green did die at Ringgold, Geo. of wounds received at the battle of
Chickamauga on the 20th of September 1863 leaving a wife and three
children and that she is therefore the only person fully entitled to
receive the pay or arrears of pay, commutation, bounty and c., that
may be found due said deceased William A. Green from the Confederate
States and that she authorizes J.Y. Register to apply for and receive
for her sole benefit whatever may be due to said William A. Green by
reason of service rendered by him in the army of the Confederate
States, to whose recipe shall be a full acquittance and discharge
against me for the same.

And at the same time, also appeared Stephen Hawkins and T.H.
Yarborough who after being duly sworn that they are acquainted with
the said Ardilla Green and knew the said William A. Green, deceased,
and that the facts as sworn to by the said Ardilla Green are
substantially true, and they are not interested in this claim.

Ardilla Green (her mark) L.S.
Stephen Hawkins L.S.
T.H. Yarborough L.S.

The foregoing affidavit were subscribed and sworn to before me, on the
day and year the same bears date and I certify that I know affiant to
be credible, that the applicant is the person she represents herself
to be and that I have not interest in the prosecution of said claim.

J.Y. Register, J.P.

The State of Alabama, Coffee County

I Rowling W. Starke Judge of the Court of Probate in and for the county
and state aforesaid hereby certify that J.Y. Register, Esq. whose
genuine signature appears to the foregoing affidavit and certificate
of acknowledgement was at the time of signing the same and is now an
acting Justice of the Peace duly commissioned and qualified, and that
full faith and credit are due his official acts, and further, that
this is a Court of record having a Seal, and that I am ex-officio
keeper thereof.

Given under my hand and official Seal at office this 7th day of
December A.D. 1863

R.W. Starke, Judge of Probate

The Confederate States

To: Ardilla Green, Widow of William A. Green, deceased, late Private
of Capt. D.C. Monroe’s Co. K., 25th Regt. Ala. Vols.

For pay of said deceased from June 30, 1863 the date of last payment
to Oct. 17, 1863, the date of his death  3 mos. & 17 days
>From Oct. 62  to Oct. 63 – 12 mos at $134.13   -      $134.13
Commutation for clothing – 10 days at 24 cts per day            2.10

Clothing Drawn              -$12.00 124.23

Amt. in hands of Israel Gibbons Capt. & Post L.M. (no amount listed)
Rec’d of W.J. Burt Asst Secy Hill Hospital Ringgold, Ga.


As per Report of Lieut. E.E. Yonge & Israel Gibbons Capt. & Post L.M.

Payable to Ardilla Green Widow Coffee Co., Ala.
Care of Capt. H. Fowler Agent for Ala.
Box 1508 Richmond, Va.

Second Auditor’s Office

October 11th 1864

R.F. Gordon, Clerk

Comptroller’s Office
Oct. 28th, 1864
P.H. Pendleton, Clerk
I also found this land sale on the Internet:
E-274: Coffee Co. AL, 18 June 1859, Daniel Duncan and wife Mary(X) Duncan to J.YRegister for $60, SE 1/4 NW 1/4 and NE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.25 T3 R21, 80 acres; no wit. (FHL film 1,031,290) (MAD: 1850 Pike Co. AL census, 1860 Henry Co. AL census)

In 1895 my g-g uncle J.F. Register was the pastor of six different Baptist Churches in both Alabama & Florida:

Church Directory 1895 Pastors and their addresses     Members

Pilgrims Rest   GJ Canant         Dale, Al            ?
Hurricane       JF Register       Holmes, Fl          48
Pleasant Grove  John Patten       Holmes, Fl          81
Shiloh          James Blount      Geneva, Al          99
Union           JF Register       Geneva, Al          ?
Spring Creek    JLC White         Geneva, Al          39
New Teamon      S Willerford                          66
Pleasant Hill   James Blount      Geneva, Al          ?
Christian Home  GJ Canant         Geneva, Al          ?
Leonia          JF Register       Holmes, Fl          53
Elbethel        HS Nichols        Geneva, Fl          46
New Prospect    JF Register       Geneva, Al          38
Zion Hill       S Willerford      Geneva, Al          28
Fellowship      James Blount      Geneva, Al          6
New Hope        JF Register       Holmes, Fl          65

Here's the story of how J.F.Register was drafted into the Confederate Army:

The capture of the Bloomer led to a lot of my ancestors having to join the
Confederate army. The incident is hilarious but the consequences
were horrific.

Any chance the " Bloomer " could have been used in blockade running?

The "Bloomer" was a 130 ton sidewheeler with high pressure engines.
It had a hole in one of its boilers and was moored at the wharf
at river junction in Geneva. On Sunday afternoon, December 28,
1862, two groups of Yankees(25 men of the 91st New York Volunteers
commanded by Lieutenant James H. Stewart and the crew of the
blockading schooner "Charlotte" commanded by Acting Master
Elias D. Bruner) repaired the boiler, fired the engines
and started down the Choctawhatchee for Pensacola.
The Army and the Navy fought over this prize of war
but the U.S. Claims Court at New Orleans awarded
the steamboat to Master Bruner and his crew.
The U.S. government paid them $5,100 for the ship and
it joined Admiral Farragut's Northern Gulf Blockading
Squadron and saw service in Pensacola Bay, Santa Rosa Sound,
Choctawhatchee Bay and in the salt raids in the St. Andrews
Bay area.

Governor Shorter used this incident as a propaganda tool to encourage enlistment
in Southeast Alabama. I'm pretty sure this was the first time
Alabama had been invaded by Yankees so Shorter played up the fact
that "the back door to Alabama stood open to invaders."
A good description of the "Bloomer Incident" is found in E.W. Carswell's Holmesteading,
a history of Holmes County, Florida.

This information concerns my g-great uncle, John Forsyth Register's unit,
the 6th Alabama Calvary.
Excerpt of a letter from Mark Curenton
to Ron Jones dated 12 Apr 1999:

“What this blurb does not mention is the reason that the 6th Alabama Cavalry was
transferred from Clanton’s brigade to north Alabama. Clanton’s brigade, consisting of the
57th Alabama Infantry, the 61st Alabama Infantry, the 6th Alabama Cavalry, the 7th Alabama
Cavalry, Clanton’s battery and Tarrant’s battery, was organized in early 1863 as a direct
result of the raid by Union forces through Walton County in December of 1862. This raid
resulted in the capture of the steamboat Bloomer on the Choctawhatchee River just south
of Geneva, Alabama. This brigade served in west Florida and south Alabama to guard
against future raids. By December of 1863 morale in the brigade was so low that there was
open talk of laying down their guns and going home. On January 5, 1864, sixty men out of
300 stationed at Gonzales, Florida mutinied and refused to serve any more. They were all
swiftly arrested. The Confederate command broke up the brigade and transferred the
regiments to different commands to prevent any further occurrence of mutinous conduct.”

My g-great uncle, John Forsyth Register, enlisted in Company "K" in the 6th Alabama Calvary
in April of 1863 at Geneva, Alabama. He was honorably discharged from the Confederate Army on
May 5, 1865 and took the oath of allegiance at Montgomery on May 30, 1865. John was elected
the second sheriff of Geneva County on November 7, 1871.
The community of Leonia in northern Holmes County, Florida,
is named after his first wife. He was a Missionary Baptist
preacher for 43 years and according to my family's papers,
he recorded more members into the Baptist Church
than any other Baptist minister who lived in the Geneva area.

6th Alabama Cavalry Regiment
The 6th Alabama Cavalry was organized near Pine Level,
early in 1863, as part of Brig. Gen'l James H. Clanton's brigade.
Recruits were gathered from Barbour, Coffee, Coosa, Henry, Macon,
Montgomery, Pike, and Tallapoosa counties. It was first engaged
near Pollard with a column of the enemy that moved out from
Pensacola. Ordered then to North Alabama,
the 6th was concerned in several skirmishes near Decatur,
with small loss. During the Atlanta-Dalton campaign,
the regiment served for several weeks as part of Brig.
Gen'l Samuel W. Ferguson's and Brig. Gen'l Frank C. Armstrong's
brigades, losing quite a number. A portion of the regiment
resisted Maj. Gen'l Lovel H. Rousseau at Ten Islands,
losing a number killed and captured. Transferred to West Florida,
the 6th fought Maj. Gen'l Frederick Steele's column at
Bluff Springs, under orders from Col Armstead, and its loss
was severe, especially in prisoners. The remnant fought Maj.
Gen'l James H. Wilson's column, and laid down their arms
at Gainesville, fewer than 200 men.

Field officers: Col. Charles H. Colvin, Lt. Col. Washington T. Lary
(captured at Ten Islands); Major Eliphalet Ariel McWhorter
(captured at Ten Islands, Bluff Springs);
and Adjutant Joseph A. Robertson

Here's a picture of the monument of a mass grave of 6000 Confederate
dead that includes the remains of my g-great uncle William Duncan
Register.His name can be found on the monument.This is the largest
Confederate burial ground in all of the North.


This flag was made by Miss Martha Crossley, Miss Queen Gamble and other
ladies of Perote, Pike County, Alabama. It was presented to the company in
September 1860 on the steps of the Methodist Church in Perote.
The flag was presented by Miss Crossley and received for the
company by M. B. Locke. The Perote Guards were sent to Pensacola,
Florida where they became part of the 1st Alabama Infantry.
Upon receipt of a regimental flag, the company flags were placed
with the regimental quartermaster for safe keeping.

The 1st Alabama Infantry surrendered on April 7, 1862 at Island No.
10. Following the surrender, the flag was taken from the company
baggage by members of the 15th Wisconsin Infantry
and eventually carried back to Wisconsin.
Learning of the flag's location Dr. Thomas Owen,
Director of the Alabama Department of Archives and History,
requested its return in the summer of 1903.
Ruben G. Thwaites, Secretary of the State Historical Society
of Wisconsin, replied on June 19, 1903 that he felt the Society
would be quite willing to return the flag.
This, however, would require a resolution by their
legislature which did not meet again until January 1905.
On March 15, 1905 Lieutenant and Acting Governor R. M. Cunningham
requested that the flag be returned to Alabama.
Joint Resolution Number 29-S of the Legislature of the State
of Wisconsin, April 13, 1905 approved the return of the flag.


First Alabama
Infantry Regiment


This was the first regiment organized under the act of the State
legislature authorizing the enlistment of troops for twelve months.
The companies rendezvoused at Pensacola in February and March 1861,
and about the 1st of April organized by the election of regimental
officers. Transferred to the army of the Confederate States soon
after, it remained on duty at Pensacola for a year. It was chiefly
occupied in manning the batteries and took part in the bombardments
of November 23, and January 1, 1862. A detachment was in the night
fight on Santa Rosa Island. Being the oldest regiment in the 
Confederate service, it was first called on to re-enlist for the war
, at the end of the first year, and seven of the companies did so.
Ordered to Tennessee, the regiment, 1000 strong, reached Island Ten
March 12, 1862. In the severe conflict there, all but a remnant of
the regiment were captured. Those who escaped were organized into
a battalion, which was part of the garrision at Fort Pillow,
and afterwards fought at Corinth. Those captured were exchanged in
September, and the regiment rendezvoused at Jackson, Miss.,
having lost 150 by death in prison, 150 by casualties since and
during the siege of Island Ten. At once ordered to Port Hudson,
they participated in the privations of that siege. They were
captured, after losing 150 killed and wounded. The privates were
paroled and the officers kept in prison till the peace.
The men were exchanged in the fall, and joined Gen. Johnston
in Mississippi, 610 strong. The regiment was then at Mobile
and Pollard, and joined Gen. Johnston at Alatoona.
In Cantey's brigade, it fought at New Hope, and was afterwards
transferred to the brigade of Gen. Quarles, in which it served
till the end. It participated at Kennesa, and lost considerably
at Peach Tree Creek. In the terrible assault on the enemy's
lines at Atlanta, July 28, the regiment won fresh renown,
but lost half of its force in killed and wounded.
Moving with Hood into Tennessee, it again lost very heavily
at Franklin and Nashville. Transferred to North Carolina,
it took part at Averysboro and Bentonville, and about 100 men
surrendered at Goldsboro. Upwards of 3000 names were on its
rolls at different times during the war,
including the companies that did not re-enlist.

Captain Henry Wesley Laird's "Gulf Rangers"

William Duncan Register(d.o.b. August 18, 1842) Corporal, born in Georgia,
died in Camp Douglas Prison in Chicago, Illinois on 13 July 1862;
claim filed August 3, 1863 by John Register
(This is William's father ,my g-great grandfather John Young  Register)

Found out that my Grandfather Register's Daddy's oldest brother,
William Duncan Register, Pvt. Co. D. 1st AL, TN, MS Infantry
(died July 13, 1862) is buried in downtown Chicago along
with 6000 other barefooted Rebel Sons of Bitches.
Seeing the monument and knowing that nothing marked their 6000
graves until 30 years after their death is not a comforting thought
Not only that, the neglect and torture they endured has been effectively
suppressed by the Yankees.Check out what happens when you fight
and die for your country and your country loses the War.

As far as I know we're not kin to ANY Youngs.
My Daddy always told me he thought we used the name Young because the Yonges founded Abbeville and Geneva. The Yonges were descended from the Indian traders with Panton, Leslie & Co.
Daddy was wrong.
There are Young Registers all over the place. They go all the way back to the "old country" (Darlington, S.C. ~ The Cheraw District).

So that's our Young connection. Nothing but a fambly tradition.
Thanks for being curious.

Oh yeah. I got the death dates on some of those cats who were captured with my Uncle William Duncan at Island #10. At Camp Randall in Madison, Wisconsin, members of Geneva's Gulf Rangers died on May 22, 1862; May 23 or 24, 1862; June 21 or 29, 1862; May 29, 1862 and May 23, 1862. One of the guys at Camp Randall was a Register but I don't know how I'm kin to him. There was a Peacock died there too. I have read reminiscences from Camp Randall. Almost every one of those boys were from Alabama. They had pneumonia so bad that phlegm covered the floors of their hospital.You'd slide down if you weren't careful. They were all clothed in cotton. No wool. They saw the spring bloom four times. They saw it bloom in Pensacola as they prepared to go up the Mississippi. They saw it bloom at Island No. 10 above Memphis. They saw it bloom while captive in Illinois and they saw it bloom at Camp Randall in Wisconsin. Their cemetery is the northern most Confederate cemetery.

Uncle William is buried in the Camp Douglas mass grave in downtown Chicago. Pretty sure there's 6000 buried there and it wasn't even marked for 35 years.
Dat showl do makes you feel all warm and fuzzy for yo' govmint now don't it!

Uncle William died July 13, 1862. G-Great Grandpa Register filed a claim with the federal government for killing him on August 3, 1863. Other boys from Geneva died on May 14, July 11, July 7 and July 13, 1862.

Here's a good link on the Gulf Rangers.

Thursday, November 16, 2017

When Reverend H.H. McNeil arrived in Dothan in 1913 to begin preaching at Foster St. Methodist, Dothan had been DRY for about six years but it wasn't very dry. Liquor still arrived at the depot and was stored in railroad warehouses. There were plenty of shot houses (blind tigers) in town and visitors staying in the hotels were able to get a toddy seven days a week. Reverend McNeil took this as a subject for his sermons and he invited speakers representing the Anti-Saloon League, the Epworth League, the Women's Christian Temperance Union, etc. to present their message from the podium of Foster Street Methodist. On Wednesday night, August 5, 1914, somebody poured kerosene all over the porches of Rev. McNeil's parsonage and set it on fire. All the occupants of the dwelling survived.
Well, I'm up to Chapter 21 on my "dissection" of the novel, DEVIL MAKE A THIRD. The last "piece of the puzzle" that threw me for a loop was this sentence describing Alabama Governor Thrasher's wife at a banquet being held in Harrison House, "Her lifeless-looking hands fluttered occasionally up over her flat chest, as if she had slipped down inside the whalebone shell of her pale-green gown and wanted to pull back up." This put me on a search for the role of the corset in turn-of-the-century Dothan and I've learned a lot. Warner's was making corsets way back in DEVIL MAKE A THIRD days and back in the late-Sixties, I earned a lot my spending money in high school changing tires on those shiny, clean Warner's trucks filled with ladies' undergarments manufactured at their Dothan plant.
Yesterday on my afternoon hike I decided to write five "Dothan people" about my work on DEVIL MAKE A THIRD.
 You are one of those people.
If you know anyone who would be interested in putting together a play or rock musical (I can see how many Buddy Buie tunes ~ Georgia Pines, Spooky, Stormy, Traces, So Into You, I'm Not Going To Let It Bother Me Tonight, Homesick, Dreamy Alabama,etc. could be used) based upon this superb novel, please share this blog address with them.

If anyone is interested in drawing attention to Dothan's architectural heritage and the need to preserve downtown, they should pick up a copy of DMAT & read it. The story of Buck Bannon and his adopted hometown of Aven mirrors Dothan's boomtown origins and the story of our lovable turn-of-the-century scoundrel, Dothan Mayor Buck Baker. There's only one problem with reading the book. There is no E-book available and the cheapest paperback edition on Amazon is now going for sixty bucks (the only hardback 1948 copy I could find online sold Sept. 7 for $119.55) I don't know what the situation is with the copyright but I'll bet it's a MAJOR HEADACHE because the last reprint was done by THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA PRESS and when you deal with them, you generally sign all your rights away.

Anyway, I'm up to Chapter 21 on my "dissection" of the novel. The last "piece of the puzzle" that threw me for a loop was this sentence describing Alabama Governor Thrasher's wife at a banquet being held in Harrison House, "Her lifeless-looking hands fluttered occasionally up over her flat chest, as if she had slipped down inside the whalebone shell of her pale-green gown and wanted to pull back up." So now I'm down in a HISTORY OF CORSETS "rabbit hole"
trying to dig myself out so I can examine Buck and Lota's church wedding.

Please follow my progress on the blog, talk up DEVIL MAKE A THIRD with your Dothan friends and share your ideas with me.


Friday, November 10, 2017

I got me a new saying,"You can't cuss the cotton." I got it from my hero, BUCK BANNON, from the novel, DEVIL MAKE A THIRD. It refers to how a man makes his living. You can cuss all the things that hold you back from meeting your goals of growth but you CAN'T CUSS the stuff you are growing, only the stuff that prevents it from growing. To go in the other direction is a PRESCRIPTION FOR DISASTER & OBLIVION.
from page 191 of DEVIL MAKE A THIRD (Buck Bannon is talking to himself) "A man doesn't change, he develops. He makes, according to the things that happen to him, like a crop makes with the seasons. You can't cuss the cotton. You cuss the rain and the weevil that fester it. A man-you cuss the time he was hungry and couldn't get food or the time he wanted his wife and she-"
Throughout the book, Buck looks to the life of a cotton farmer to give himself his rules to live by, "Godamighty, it's just like I furnished a farmer- gave him land to work, seed to plant, and mules and tools. He'd do the best he could, I reckon. Looks like I got furnished with whatever I am, and it's up to me to do the best I can with what I've got. I don't go behind and look up a farmer tryin' to furnish him with some more. After I set him up, the rest is up to him."

Thursday, November 09, 2017

I'm working with a group of people who are planning on giving a presentation on the history of THE OLD DUTCH in March. Between now and then, I'll be trying to organize all my OLD DUTCH mementos and reminiscences. Please feel free to record your memories of this unforgettable venue and share them with me. My email address is or contact me via Facebook. from the July 1, 1967 PANAMA CITY NEWS HERALD

Saturday, November 04, 2017

And now I present a Biblical question to the crowd on the OLD DOTHAN AL MEMORIES Facebook page. On page 192 of DEVIL MAKE A THIRD, Buck is trying to justify his illegal, unethical and immoral behavior to his brother Jeff (Buck's come back to Aven from NYC ready to build a hotel on a lot owned by the city. Because he is mayor of Aven, it is important to Buck to not show a conflict of interest so Buck is planning on setting up a straw purchase of the city's lot in order to conceal his double dealing). Jeff says, "I don't like it. Papa wouldn't hold with such dealin's." Buck justifies himself to Jeff by outlining his potentially highly profitable business plan and then Buck toasts his family's dishonest entry into the hotel business with this toast, "Well, the Lord had pity on the gourd." WHOA! Where the hell did Dougie get that one. O.K. it comes from the Book of Jonah and, as far as I can tell, the Bible passage has nothing to do with the Lord having pity on the gourd. It's more like Jonah had the tender feelings for the gourd because its shade had saved him from the intense sun but God sent a worm to kill the gourd plant so Jonah had ended up mad at God for killing his gourd. Any comments will sure be appreciated.

Monday, October 30, 2017

TALK ABOUT SPOOKY, now this is just plain HALLOWEEN SPOOKY. A woman on the Old Dothan Facebook site responded about this post concerning the 200th anniversary today of events during the 1st Seminole War where she remarked that her relatives had served during the Indian Wars and that many of the important sites weren't even marked. I thought to myself,"Yeah, those innocents deaths started a lot of cemeteries." I was thinking of the Albersons family and how their massacre in 1836 at their home on the east back of the Choctawhatchee in 1836 above Geneva and their buriel was the beginning Wesley Chapel Cemetery where many of my Register kin are buried. AT THAT VERY MOMENT, I received a Facebook friend request from an ALBERSON WOMAN from Hartford in Geneva County, the town where my Daddy was born.
from pages 52, 53 & 54 of WOODWARD'S REMINISCENCES:
"In 1816 and 1817, the Florida Indians were doing mischief, and the Government found it necessary to keep troops quartered on the borders of Florida. Fort Scott and Fort Huse (Hughes) were erected to protect the settlers in Early County, Georgia. That was then a new and thinly settled country. The command of the troops was given to Colonel Arbuckle. He had frequent skirmishes with the Indians, under the control of Chitto-Fanna-Chula, or old Snake Bone, but known to you and the whites generally as old Ne-he-mathla. The present gallant General Twiggs was then a Brevet Major in the 7th Regiment of Infantry, and was generally the foremost in those skirmishes. Supplies for the troops had to be carried from New Orleans and Mobile by water. A very large boat with army stores was started from Mobile Point under the command of Lieut. Scott. Mrs. Stuart was among those on board; her husband, a Sergeant, and a fine looking man at that, had gone with the troops by land. The boat, having to be propelled by oars and poles, was long on the trip, and by this time the war had completely opened. The old hostile Creeks, from various portions of Florida, were engaged in it; among others the two Chiefs you saw hanged at St. Mark's- Josiah Francis and Ne-he-mathla Micco. They headed a party and watched the boats. As those on board were hooking and jamming (as the boatmen called it) near the bank, and opposite a thick canebrake, the Indians fired on them, killing and wounding most of those on board at the first fire. Those not disabled by the first fire of the Indians made the best fight they could, but all on board were killed except Mrs. Stuart and two soldiers- Gray, and another man whose name I have forgot, if I ever knew it; they were both shot, but made their escape by swimming to the opposite shore. I must here mention a circumstance that occurred on board the boat at the time, which I learned from one of the men who escaped, and also from some of the Indians who were present. There was a Sergeant named McIntosh, as Scotchman, on board, whom I knew well. He was with Colonel, afterwards General Thomas A. Smith, before St. Augustine, Fla., in 1812, and was a favorite among officers and soldiers. He was an own cousin of the Indian General McIntosh you knew, whose grave you say you not long since visited. Sergeant McIntosh was a man of giant size, and perhaps more bodily strength that any man I have known in our service. When he found all on the boat were lost, and nothing more could be done, he went into a little kind of cabin that the Lieutenant had occupied as his quarters, in which was a swivel or small cannon; loaded it, took it on deck, and resting the swivel on one arm ranged it as well as he could, and (the Indians by this time were boarding the boat) with a firebrand, he set off the swivel, which cleared the boat for a few minutes of Indians. At the firing of the swivel he was thrown overboard and drowned, and this clearing of the Indians from the boat gave Gray a chance to escape. Mrs. Stuart was taken almost lifeless as well as senseless, and was a captive until the day I carried her to your camp. After taking her from the boat, they (the Indians) differed among themselves as to whose slave or servant she should be. An Indian by the name of Yellow Hair said he had many years before been sick at or near St. Mary's, and that he felt it a duty to take the woman and treat her kindly, as he was treated so by a white woman when he was among the whites. The matter was left to an old Indian by the name of Bear Head, who decided in favor of Yellow Hair. I was told by the Indians that Yellow Hair treated her with great kindness and respect. I never asked her any questions as to her treatment, and presume she never knew me from any other Indian, as Brown and myself were both dressed like Indians. We knew long before we re-captured her what band she was with, and had tried to come up with them before."

(General Woodward , who was part Indian, was in command of the Indian troops under Jackson along with the Indian General William McIntosh and Captain Isaac Brown)
Extract of a letter from George Graham, acting Secretary of War, to Brevet Major General Edmund P. Gaines ~ Fort Hawkins, Georgia(Macon) , dated October 30, 1817.

 I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the lst instant, covering a copy of the reply which was made by ten of the Seminole towns, to the demand made by you on them for the surrender of the murderers of some of our citizens. These papers have been submitted to the President, and I am instructed by him to inform you that he approves of the movement of the troops from Fort Montgomery to Fort Scott; the appearance of this additional force, he flatters himself, will at least have the effect of restraining the Seminoles from committing further depredations and perhaps of inducing them to make reparation for the murders which they have committed. Should they, however, persevere in their refusal to make such reparation, it is the wish of the President that you should not,on that account, pass the line, and make an attack upon them within the limits of Florida, until you shall have received instructions from this department. You are authorized to remove the Indians still remaining on the lands ceded by the treaty made by General Jackson with the Creeks; and, in doing so, it may be proper to retain some of them as hostages until reparation may have been made for the depredations which have been committed. On this subject, however, as well as to the manner of removing them, you will exercise your discretion. McIntosh, and the other chiefs of the Creek nation, who were here some time since, expressed then, decidedly, their unwillingness to permit any of the hostile Indians to return to their nation.
P. S. The authority to remove the Indians will, of course, not extend to those Indians and their families who have claims to reservations on lands under the treaty. . .
When the sun came up in present-day Houston County 200 years ago today, on October 30, 1817, there weren't any families of American pioneers living on this land but that was ALL about to change. On that day, President James Monroe authorized his Secretary of War to send a letter to General Edmund P. Gaines (namesake of Ft. Gaines, Georgia & Ft. Gaines on Dauphin Island along with the Gainesvilles in Florida, Georgia, Texas & New York. Gainesville, Alabama is named after his brother. ) authorizing him to move more troops from Fort Montgomery on the Alabama River to Fort Scott near present-day Bainbridge. The stage had now been set for THE END OF THE FRONTIER. The Indian Treaty Line  had been marked  and the word had gone out that every Indian was expected to begin packing their bags and make a decision either to move north to the reservation that began just below Thomas Mill Creek on present-day Lake Eufaula or to head south across Ellicott's Line, our present-day Alabama-Florida line below Madrid. Of course, even with their gruesome defeat at Horseshoe Bend a little over three years earlier, the Indians weren't prepared to leave their native homeland quietly. One month later, on November 30, 1817, the bloodiest battle of the ENTIRE FIRST SEMINOLE WAR occurred on the Apalachicola about 60 miles below present-day Dothan when the Indians attacked a supply boat coming upriver on a voyage that originated from Mobile Point (present-day Fort Morgan).  Appropriately, Dothan commemorates this horrific, landmark event with a mural on East Main. It is one of THREE MURALS dedicated to the first Seminole War in the Circle City.